The importance of internal transport in organizing high-bay warehouses

Sara Alszer, Jolanta Krystek


The article presents internal transport system and principles of transport organization, in order to indicate that the effectiveness of material flow management in warehouse depends on the transport strategy used by manufacturing plant. In the paper different means of transport enabling movement of components and semi-finished products are described. From perspective of industrial plants, minimizing the number of transport resources and maximizing the use of devices needed to operate the storage process play an important role in effective implementation of logistics processes. At the same time, it is necessary to optimize the transport processes in terms of both time and costs. In the paper the possibility to meet these requirements in an example high-bay warehouse is verified based on simulation of loading and unloading operations. Indicators intended to assess the quality of storage process are presented and used to determine the optimal number of transport resources required to operate the proposed warehouse. The results obtained during simulations are the basis for discussion on an influence of a number of transport resources on an operating time of the analyzed warehouse.


internal transport, transport resources, high-bay warehouse, storage

Full Text:



Alszer S., Krystek J., Multi-Objective Optimization of the Number of Transport Resources in the High-Bay Warehouse, [in:] Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Control, Automation and Robotics (ICCAR2017), IEEE Press, pp. 334-339 - doi:10.1109/ICCAR.2017.7942714

Schroeder A. K., Nebl T., Mainzinger C., Theoretical Foundations of Efficiently Organizing Production Processes: Using the Example of Combining Organizational Forms of Component Manufacture and Internal Transport, ”Journal of Industrial Engineering", (2014), pp. 1-27 - doi: 10.1155/2014/513190.

Kosacka M., Kudelska I., Storage Method for Parts from End of Life Vehicles' Dismantling Process According to Sustainable Development Requirements: Polish Case Study, "International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering", 10 (2016)/7, pp. 2345-2352 - doi: 10/10004977.

Wiendahl H. P., Reichardt J., Nyhuis P., Handbook Factory Planning and Design, Springer, Heidelberg 2015.

Hudock B., Warehouse Space and Layout Planning, [in:] The warehouse management handbook, ed. by Tompkins J. A., Smith J. D., Tompkins Press, North Carolina 1998, pp. 229-255.

Krystek J., Storage processes in manufacturing plant (in polish: "Procesy magazynowe w przedsiębiorstwie produkcyjnym"), "Miesięcznik Naukowo-Techniczny, Mechanik", 7 (2011), pp. 433-442.

Bidgoli H., The Handbook of Technology Management. Supply Chain Management, Marketing and Advertising, and Global Management, John Wiley & Sons, United States of America, 2010, pp. 163-175.

Williams C. E., The Costing of Handling and Storage in Warehouses, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London 1972.

Reed C., Warehouse Control and Management Systems, [in:] The warehouse management handbook, ed. by Tompkins J. A., Smith J. D., Tompkins Press, North Carolina 1998, p. 699.


  • There are currently no refbacks.