The Areas of Competition and Planes of Cooperation in The Polish Passenger Services Market (Sea, Rail and Air Transport)

Marta Mańkowska


The modern, global passenger services market operates in the circumstances of constantly evolving occurrences of competition and cooperation. In the interbranch transport relationships it is characterized by a variety of economic relations connecting market entities. The pace and direction of these transformations drive processes of globalization as well as liberalization and deregulation of this sector of services. Liberalization drives interbranch competition, whereas cost and political pressure stimulates development of various forms of cooperation.
The article aims at demonstrating areas of competition and planes of interbranch cooperation in the Polish passenger services market with an example of sea, air and rail transport.


passenger, service market, liberalization, deregulation, transport

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