Innovative aircraft in air transport industry – a comparative analysis of Airbus and Boeing
The purpose of the paper is to examine product innovation enabling to achieve higher fuel efficiency by its lower usage per unit, introduced by two leading competitors on the market of narrow- and wide-body aircraft, which are Airbus and Boeing. Discussed is technological, economical and environmental impact of product innovations. A method includes a mathematical formula to calculate fuel usage per Available Seat Kilometer (ASK). Presented is average fuel consumption for chosen models of Airbus and Boeing as closest competitors. Result of the study is to indicate the most competitive aircraft of Airbus and Boeing accordingly, which are more fuel efficient in average estimates and contribute to lower emissions, as externalities to natural environment. Indicated aircraft types can be recommended for airlines in context of economical efficiency in viewpoint of lower exploitation cost and effective fleet management.
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