Greenways Systems in Metropolitan Regions as the Alternative for Sustainable Transport Development

Anna Zaręba, Krzysztof Widawski, Alicja Edyta Krzemińska

Abstract


Greenways as linear open spaces in the landscape, planned for multiple usage, can perform significant ecological and social functions as for example: increasing biodiversity, protecting water resources, urban flood damage reduction, wildlife protection, serving as recreational, easy accessed public spaces. Their linear configuration provides an opportunity to unify parts of metropolitan regions dispersed as a result of urban sprawl. Greenways constitute linkages across landscape patches in different planning scales (city, suburbs, exurbs and hinterland scales) for various uses compatible. They help to assist in the revitalization of urban derelict lands, and to change former industrial centres into mixed-use public open spaces oriented to tourism and recreation. The objectives of the paper are: to explore the concept of multi-function of greenways through studies of selected examples of metropolitan areas and to present opportunities to implement urban greenways in local and metropolitan scales. The case studies are analyzed in terms of: location and geographical environment, neighbourhood land, ecological, social and other functions (with emphasize on environmental sustainability). The research results include recommendation for ecologically and socially sensitive development of greenways as the alternative for sustainable transport in highly urbanized  environments.

Keywords


greenway system, sustainable transport, landscape

Full Text:

Untitled PDF

References


Ahern, J., 1995. Greenways as a Planning Strategy. In: J. Fabos and J. Ahern (Editors).Greenways: the Beginning of an International Movement. Elsevier. Amsterdam: 131-155.

Beatley, T. , 2000.Green Urbanism: Learning from European Cities. Island Press. Washington, D.C., USA, 512 p.

BENEDICT M., McMAHON E., 2002 Green Infrastructure: Smart Conservation for the 21st Century, in: Renewable Resources Journal, Autumn Edition, p. 12-17, http://www.sprawlwatc h.org/greeninfrastructure.pdf.

Chicago Green Alley Handbook 2010, http://www.cityofchicago.org/dam/city/depts/ cdot/Green_Alley_Handbook_2010.pdf.

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament paper, Brussels, 6.05.2013, COM( 2013) 249 final. The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions Green Infrastructure (GI) — Enhancing Europe’s Natural Capital, http://eur-lex.europa

Fabos, J., 1995. Introduction and Overview: The Greenway Movement, Uses and Potentials of Greenways. In: J. Fabos and J. Ahern (Editors). Greenways the Beginning of an International Movement. Elsevier. Amsterdam: 1-13.

Flores A., Pickett S., Zipperer W., Pouyat R., Pirani R., 1998, Adopting a modern ecological view of the metropolitan landscape: the case of a greenspace system for the New York City region, Landscape and Urban Planning 39 _1998. 295–308

Lindfield M., Steinberg F. (edit.), 2012. Green cities. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 413 p, (www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/30059/green-cities.pdf).

Lindsey G., 2003, Sustainability and urban greenways: Indicators from Indianapolis, Journal of American Planning Association, 69,2, p.165-181.

Lehmann S., 2010. Green Urbanism: Formulating a Series of Holistic Principles, Sapiens, vol.3 / n°2, Institut Veolia Environnement. (https://sapiens.revues.org/105).

Little, Charles E. Greenways for America (1990) Johns Hopkins University Press.

London County Council, 1944. The Greater London Plan.

Platt, R. H., Rowntree R. A., and Muick, P., Editors, 1994. The Ecological City: Preserving and Restoring Urban Biodiversity. The University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, MA.

Turner T., 1995, Greenways, blueways, skyways and other ways to a better London, Landscape and Urban Planning 33 (1995) 269-282.

Walmsley A., 2006, Greenways: multiplying and diversifying in the 21st century, Landscape and Urban Planning 76, p.252-290.

Zaręba A., 2014. Multifunctional and Multiscale Aspects of Green Infrastructure in Contemporary Research. Problems of Sustainable Development, vol. 9, no 121, 149-1.

Zaręba A., 2010, A Multifunctional Mosaic of Green Spaces in the Context of the Lower Silesia Region (Southern Poland) Sustainable Development, PROBLEMY EKOROZWOJU – PROBLEMS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2010, vol. 5, no 1, 45-51.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.