Accessibility to Passenger Rail Transport in the Łódź Province

Szymon Wiśniewski

Abstract


This article presents results of research devoted to spatial diversification of accessibility to passenger rail transport in the Łódź province. The analysis was conducted on the basis of a full inventory of railway connections of carriers providing their services within the boundaries of the region. Calculations were made in reference to 158 train stations and train stops as well as the population of 4,965 settlement units. Two variants of reaching a train stop by passenger were distinguished: on foot and using individual car transport. Both solutions include a number of border variants in the form of maximum equidistances of access on foot and isochrones of travel by car. Research proceedings were based on two-step floating catchment area (modified for the purposes of research into effectiveness of public rail transport), which provides for train frequency and travel time to individual stops from the topological perspective.


Keywords


accessibility; public transport; rail transport; the Łódź province

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bartosiewicz B., Marszał T., 2011, Spatial differentiation of Łódź province town and commune accessibility in the light of public transport network (in Polish: Zróżnicowanie przestrzenne dostępności miast i gmin w województwie łódzkim w świetle sieci transportu zbiorowego), a study commissioned by the Spatial Planning Office of the Łódź province for purposes of Strategy for Łódź province.

Benenson I., Martens K., Rofé Y., Kwartler A., 2011, Public transport versus private car GIS based estimation of accessibility applied to the Tel Aviv metropolitan area, Ann Reg Sci 47:499–515 DOI 10.1007/s00168-010-0392-6.

Bruinsma F. R., Rietveld P., 1998, The Accessibility of European Cities: Theoretical Framework and Comparison of Approaches, Environment and Planning, 30, 3, pp. 499-521.

Chen G., Correia M., de Abreu e Silva, 2015, Estimating the Accessibility Impacts of High-Speed Rail in Portugal, TRB 94th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers, Washington.

Cheng J., Tu J., and Han L., 2015, Parallel computation for accessibility based planning support, Conference Paper.

Dalvi M. Q., Martin K. M., 1976, The Measurement of Accessibility: Some Preliminary Results, Transportation, 5, pp. 17-42.

Gadziński J., 2010, An assessment of urban space transport accessibility as exemplified by Poznań (in Polish: Ocena dostępności komunikacyjnej przestrzeni miejskiej na przykładzie Poznania), Biuletyn IGSE i GP UWAM, Seria Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna no. 13, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań.

Giannopoulos G. A., Boulougaris G. A., 2007, Definition of accessibility for railway stations and its impact on railway passenger demand, Transportation Planning and Technology, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp. 111-120.

Gould P., 1969, Spatial Diffusion. Resource Paper No. 17, Association of American Geographers, Washington, DC.

Gutierrez J., Monzon A., Pifiero J.M., 1998, Accessibility, network efficiency, and transport infrastructure planning, Environment and Planning A, volume 30, pp. 1337 -1350.

Handy S. L., Niemeier D. A., 1997, Measuring Accessibility: an Exploration of Issues and Alternative,. Environment and Planning A, 29, pp. 1175-1194.

Hansen W. G., 1959, How Accessibility Shapes Land-use, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 25, pp. 73-76.

Hawthorne T.L., Kwan M-P., 2012, Using GIS and perceived distance to understand the unequal geographies of healthcare in lower-income urban neighbourhoods, The Geographical Journal, 178, 1, pp. 18–30.

Ingram D. R., 1971, The Concept of Accessibility: a Search for an Operational Form, Regional Studies, 5, pp. 101-107.

Jin F., Wang J., 2004, Railway Network Expansion and Spatial Accessibility Analysis in China: 1906-2000; Acta Geographica Sinica, Volume 02.

Jovicic G., Hansen C. O., 2003, A passenger travel demand model for Copenhagen, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice Volume 37, Issue 4, pp. 333–349.

Karlqvist A., 1975, Some Theoretical Aspects of Accessibility-based Location Models, [in:] Dynamic Allocation of Urban Space, A. Karlqvist, L. Lundqvist, F. Snickars. DC Health, Lexington, Mass.

Kolarski A., 1976, Timetable functions in assenger transport (in Polish: Funkcje rozkładu jazdy w transporcie pasażerskim), Problemy Ekonomii Transportu, vol. 2, pp. 51-67.

Komornicki T., Śleszyński P., Rosik P., Pomianowski W., 2009, Accessibility of space as the premise of shaping Polish transport policy (in Polish: Dostępność przestrzenna jako przesłanka kształtowania polskiej polityki transportowej), Biuletyn KPZK PAN, zeszyt 241, Warszawa.

Loose W., 2001, Flächennutzungsplan 2010 Freiburg – Stellungnahme zu den verkehrlichen Auswirkungen, Öko–Institut e.V., Freiburg.

Luo W., Qi Y., 2009, An enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA) method for measuring spatial accessibility to primary care physicians, Health and Place, 15, 4, pp. 1100–1107.

Majewski B., Beim M., 2008, Accessibility of public transport in Poznań (in Polish: Dostępność komunikacji publicznej w Poznaniu), [in:] Czyż T., Stryjakiewicz T., Churski P., red., New directions and methods in the regional analysis (in Polish: Nowe kierunki i metody w analizie regionalnej), Biuletyn IGSE i GP UAM, Seria Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna nr 3, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań, pp.115-124.

McGrail M.R., Humphreys J.S., 2009, Measuring spatial accessibility to primary care in rural areas: Improving the effectiveness of the two-step floating catchment area method, Applied Geography, 29, 4, pp. 533–541.

Ngui A. N., Apparicio P., 2011, Optimizing the two-step floating catchment area method for measuring spatial accessibility to medical clinics in Montreal, BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:166.

Olszewski P., Dybicz T., Śleszyński P., 2013, Proposed time accessibility measurements in public transport (in Polish: Proponowane miary dostępności czasowej w transporcie publicznym, Przegląd Komunikacyjny, no. 12, pp. 10-17.

PKP S.A. Train Timetable Internet Website [online] http://www.rozklad- pkp.pl/bin/query.exe/pn?.

Polish Transport Diagnosis in 2009, Attachment 1 to the Transport Development Strategy, Ministry of Infrastructure, Warsaw, 2011.

Polzin P., Borges J., Coelho A., 2014, An extended kernel density two-step floating catchment area method to analyze access to healthcare, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 2014, volume 41, pp. 717 – 735.

Radke J., Mu L., 2000, Spatial decomposition, modeling and mapping service regions to predict access to social programs, Geographic Information Sciences 6, pp. 105–112.

Rietveld P., 2000, The accessibility of railway stations: the role of the bicycle in The Netherlands, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp. 71–75.

Stępniak M., 2013, The use of the 2SFCA method in research into medical service spatial accessibility (in Polish: Wykorzystanie metody 2SFCA w badaniach dostępności przestrzennej usług medycznych), Przegląd Geograficzny, 35, 2, Warsaw, pp. 199-218.

Vale D.S., Saraiva M., Pereira M., 2016, Active accessibility: A review of operational measures of walking and cycling accessibility, The Journal of Transport and Land Use, vol. 9. No. 1., pp. 1-27

Vickerman R. W., 1974, Accessibility, Attraction, and Potential: a Review of Some Concepts and Their Use in Determining Mobility. Environment and Planning A 6, pp. 675-691.

Wan N., Zou B., Sternberg T., 2012, A three-step floating catchment area method for analyzing spatial access to health services, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 26, No. 6, June 2012, pp. 1073–10.

Warakomska K., 1992, The issue of accessibility in transport geography (in Polish: Zagadnienie dostępności w geografii transportu), Przegląd Geograficzny, IGiPZ PAN, t. LXIV, z. 1-2, PWN, Warszawa, pp. 67-76.

Wiśniewski S., 2015, Connections of Łódź province towns in train public transport in the light of transport potential (in Polish: Powiązania miast województwa łódzkiego w systemie kolejowego transportu zbiorowego w świetle potencjału komunikacyjnego), Prace Geograficzne, v. 140, Kraków, pp. 25-38.

Xu X., Cao X., Yan X., 2007, Potential accessibility and its spatial pattern in Guangzhou-Hong Kong Urban Corridor, Geographical Research, Volume 01.

Yang D.H., Goerge R., Mullner R., 2006, Comparing GIS-based methods of measuring spatial accessibility to health services, Journal of Medical Systems, 30, 1, pp. 23–32.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.